Sergey N Kotelnikov graduated from the Moscow Institute of Engineers of Civil Aviation in 1982 and is a Researcher of General Physics Institute, A M Prokhorov Russian Academy of Sciences. His research interests include study of the mechanisms of formation of ground-level ozone and its effects on living systems. He is the author of 42 scientific publications.
Heat waves, ambient ozone and smoke from forest fires have a drastic impact on urban populations, which could increase with climate change. Ozone (O3) is a well-documented respiratory oxidant, but increasing epidemiological evidence points to extra-pulmonary effects, including positive associations between ambient O3 concentrations and cardiovascular, respiratory morbidity and mortality. We used statistical analysis for the time series of daily emergency admissions interrelationship with cardiovascular diseases and daily average temperature (T○C) of air and 24-hour average ambient ozone levels for summer months 2008, 2009 and 2010 in Vyatskie Polyany. In Moscow we used statistical analysis for the time series of daily emergency admissions interrelationship with respiratory diseases, mortality and daily max. 1-h ozone levels for summer 2010. Lower concentration of ozone and high Т○C no association with cardiovascular diseases. The influence 24-hour average ambient ozone more than 60mkg/m3 sixteen days are associated with increased emergency admissions with cardiovascular diseases. The smoke from forest fires has not increased quantity emergency admissions in Vyatskie Polyany. In Moscow the acute effects of high ozone levels on mortality and respiratory diseases have been shown to vary with age and to be unfavorable to the elderly. Ozone modified temperature effects on cardiovascular diseases of the population in Vyatskie Polyany the summer of 2010. In Moscow the acute effects of high ozone levels on mortality and respiratory diseases have been shown to vary with age and to be unfavorable to the elderly.
M M Guseynov has graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the Dagestan State University. He has done his Diploma Project from the Institute of Crystallography, and the Institute of Electronic Technology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was a Full-time Post-graduate in the Physics department of the Moscow University. He was a Senior Researcher of the Physics department of the Dagestan State University.
Oncology remains one of the most im-portant and challenging medical areas. Ac-cording to the WHO studies, the morbidity and mortality from cancer is expected to be doubled over the next 20 years. Clinical symptoms of cancer are usually detected in advanced stages of the disease. But accord-ing to scientists cancer is curable if it is de-tected in its early stages. Therefore, an es-sential condition for the effective treatment of any type of cancer is its early diagnosis, long before its clinical symptoms appear. For early diagnosis of cancer, a variety of immune and other methods are used, many of which turn out to be ineffective and are not widely used because of technical im-plementation difficulties, low diagnostic and mostly the predictive value due to both false-positive and false-negative variability of the defined parameters, that describe the practical importance of a diagnostic test. In our opinion, the most successful early de-tection of cancer should be based in the blood studies. The cancerous cells enter the blood in the earliest stages of their birth and to a certain extent affect the physical and chemical state of the blood. For this pur-pose, we propose a method of nuclear gamma resonance (Mossbauer) spectrosco-py, which allows direct tracking of the changes in physical and chemical state of the core of the stable iron isotope 57Fe in the components of the blood and tissues of human bodies. The method consists in comparing of the shape and parameters of the Mossbauer spectrum of 57Fe (isomer chemical shift , quadrupole splitting E, hyperfine magnetic field Hn, etc.) in the patient\'s blood, with the shape and parame-ters of the spectra from the catalog (cards), that was composed earlier of the spectra of 57Fe and their parameters in the blood of the plurality of patients, considering their age, gender, type and stage of cancer. Ly-ing in the geometric center of hemoglobin the iron ion, consequently its supersensitive to changes of the states of the environment 57Fe core, respond to the changes in the blood state (due to the occurrence of cancer markers) that are recognized in a gamma isotope 57Fe resonance absorption spectrum. Samples for the study were a microfine powder that has been previously dried at the room temperature and separated from the blood lymph of a healthy person and people sick with blood cancer. On the fig-ures there are given mossbauer spectra 57Fe (1) and their parameters δ, ΔΕ (2) and de-pendences of δ (T) and ΔΕ (T) (3). The in-terval of the δ and ΔΕ denotation for different patients (Figure 2) shows that the valence of the iron ions in the blood of healthy and different sick patients ranges Fe2+- Fe3+, depending on the physicochem-ical state and the composition of blood of the examined patients.