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2nd International Conference on Atomic and Nuclear Physics, will be organized around the theme ““Outlining the future aspects of Atomic and Nuclear physics””

Atomic Physics 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Atomic Physics 2017

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Atomic Physics is the study of atoms and the arrangement of electrons.  It mostly considers atom an isolated system that consists of atomic nucleus encircled by electrons and the arrangement is concerned with processes such as excitation by photons and ionization or collisions with atomic particles. It has led to important applications in medicine, lasers, communications, etc. and also providing a testing ground for Quantum Theory, Quantum Electrodynamics and its derivatives.

  • Track 1-1The structure of atoms
  • Track 1-2X rays: atomic origins and applications
  • Track 1-3The physics of wave functions
  • Track 1-4Zeeman effect
  • Track 1-5Spectrum of atomic hydrogen
  • Track 1-6The Pauli Exclusion Principle
  • Track 1-7Bohr’s theory of the hydrogen atom
  • Track 1-8Applications of atomic excitations and de-excitations
  • Track 1-9Emission and absorption spectra
  • Track 1-10Spin- orbit interactions
  • Track 1-11The quantum mechanical model of the atom
  • Track 1-12The Rutherford model of atom
  • Track 1-13Thompson’s model of atom
  • Track 1-14Photoelectric effect

Atomic Collision is an elementary collision occurrence between two atomic particles that are molecules, ions, atoms or electrons. This kind of collision can be of two types that are Elastic collision and Inelastic collision. 1) In Elastic collision the total energy remains the same before and after the collision, where the directions of motion of the particles are transformed and the kinetic energy is merely distributed among the particles. 2) In Inelastic collision the internal energy of the colliding particles will changes where these particles go through transitions to different energy levels and the electronic state of an atom or a molecule is changed.

  • Track 2-1Types of collisions, channels, thresholds and cross sections
  • Track 2-2Excitation of atoms to discrete levels
  • Track 2-3Electron-randomization collision
  • Track 2-4The spin temperature limit
  • Track 2-5Spectral line broadening due to phase diffusion
  • Track 2-6Collisions in buffer gas
  • Track 2-7Absorption process and scattering by complex potential
  • Track 2-8The born approximation
  • Track 2-9The integral equation of potential scattering
  • Track 2-10The method of partial waves
  • Track 2-11Potential scattering, general features
  • Track 2-12Electronic excitation and charge exchange

The interaction of an atom and radiation has three processes to analyze. 1) Spontaneous Emission where the classical oscillating charge will radiate spontaneously and an atom can spontaneous transit from an excited higher energy state to a state of lower energy by emitting a photon called quantum of the electromagnetic field. 2) In second state the atom can absorb a photon a beam of radiation and making a move from lower energy state to higher energy sate where the intensity of the applied field is proportional to the rate of absorption. 3) In Stimulated Emission, under the influence of an applied radiation field atoms can also emit photons.

  • Track 3-1Time dependence of the wave function
  • Track 3-2Radiative damping
  • Track 3-3States of quantized radiation field
  • Track 3-4Physics model of the field-atom interaction
  • Track 3-5Transitions in multi-electron atoms
  • Track 3-6Selection rules for hydrogen atoms
  • Track 3-7Angular momentum selection rules
  • Track 3-8Spontaneous emission
  • Track 3-9Absorption and emission radiation
  • Track 3-10A two state system – the rotating wave approximation
  • Track 3-11Interaction of an atom with a sinusoidal electromagnetic field
  • Track 3-12Interaction with monochromatic radiation

Cold atoms are that are maintained at the temperatures close to zero Kelvin typically below the temperatures of some tenths of microkelvins (µK). The atom's quantum mechanical properties become important at these temperatures. Cold molecules offer exciting properties on which new operational principles are to be based or that may allow the researchers to study a qualitatively new behaviour of the matter for e.g., Bose-Einstein condensates structured by the electric dipole interaction. To reach such low temperature combination of several techniques are used such as atoms are usually trapped and pre-cooled using the laser cooling in a magneto-optical trap technique.

  • Track 4-1Laser cooling
  • Track 4-2Isotope shifts in molecular transitions
  • Track 4-3Electric dipole moments of polar molecules
  • Track 4-4Cold controlled collision
  • Track 4-5Detecting atom cloud
  • Track 4-6Magnetic trapping
  • Track 4-7Doppler cooling
  • Track 4-8Fermi energy for a harmonic trap
  • Track 4-9Bose-Einstein condensation
  • Track 4-10Zeeman slower
  • Track 4-11Magneto-optical traps
  • Track 4-12Cold atom clocks and application

Abbreviation for the word Laser stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. In an atom the electron in an exited state emits a photon while returning to a lower state; it is a random and spontaneous emission. If photon possesses considerable energy, however it will be stimulated to emit the photon sooner. If the incoming photon that caused its emission then this photon emitted by stimulated emission looks exactly like; if they are in phase as have the same frequency then two photons are coherent. By stimulated emission of photons a laser and light amplification process a laser spectrum is created and by stimulated amplification of matter waves an atom laser beam is created.

  • Track 5-1Stimulated emission and amplification
  • Track 5-2Experiments with atom lasers
  • Track 5-3The laser mechanism in optical and matter waves
  • Track 5-4Fine structure and nuclear effects
  • Track 5-5Radiative transitions
  • Track 5-6Practical atomic gas lasers
  • Track 5-7Quantized-field laser theory
  • Track 5-8The argon ion laser
  • Track 5-9Mode interactions
  • Track 5-10The laser oscillator
  • Track 5-11Semi-classical theory of the laser
  • Track 5-12The helium-neon laser
  • Track 5-13Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms

Atomic spectroscopy is the learning of the electromagnetic radiation absorbed and emitted by the atoms. In the determination of elemental compositions the electromagnetic spectrum or mass spectrum is applied that can be distributed by the type of spectroscopy used or with the atomization source. The study of electromagnetic spectrum of the elements is called as Optical Atomic Spectroscopy. For analytical use the technology of atomic spectroscopy has yielded three techniques such as Atomic Absorption, Atomic Emission and Atomic Fluorescence. The transitions involve the relaxation and excitation of the outer or bonding shell electrons of metal ions and atoms and the corresponding photons have energies inside the visible regions of the spectrum and ultraviolet. A decent instance of this is the dark absorption lines in the solar spectrum.
 

  • Track 6-1Atomic absorption, emission and fluorescence techniques
  • Track 6-2Prospects in analytical atomic spectrometry
  • Track 6-3Ion and atom sources
  • Track 6-4Photoemission spectroscopy
  • Track 6-5Atomic and molecular spectroscopy
  • Track 6-6Laser spectroscopy
  • Track 6-7Cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Track 6-8Doppler free spectrometry
  • Track 6-9Mass spectrometry
  • Track 6-10Absorption spectroscopy
  • Track 6-11Optical spectroscopy
  • Track 6-12X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Track 7-1LHC experiments: ATLAS and CMS
  • Track 7-2Intense x-ray beam interacting with clusters
  • Track 7-3Focused beam experiments
  • Track 7-4Multiple ionization forming hollow atoms
  • Track 7-5Detection techniques and experimental methods
  • Track 7-6Error estimation and statistics
  • Track 7-7Interactions between radiation and matter
  • Track 7-8Particle beams and accelerators
  • Track 7-9Kinematics of high-energy particles
  • Track 7-10Gamma-ray spectroscopy
  • Track 7-11The mainz microtron (MAMI)
  • Track 7-12Laser spectroscopy

Nuclear physics is the science that studies about atomic nuclei, its constituents and interactions. The research has led to applications in many fields such as magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, nuclear weapons, radiocarbon dating in geology and archaeology and ion implantation in materials engineering. The most usually known application of nuclear physics is nuclear power generation. The modern nuclear physics includes nuclear fusion, nuclear fission, nuclear decay and Production of "heavy" elements using atomic number greater than five.
 

  • Track 8-1Nuclear properties
  • Track 8-2Nuclear spin and moments
  • Track 8-3Nuclear power
  • Track 8-4Heavy-ion reactions
  • Track 8-5Nuclear power
  • Track 8-6Nucleon shells in Nuclear physics
  • Track 8-7Nuclear accelerators
  • Track 8-8Nuclear models
  • Track 8-9Nuclear forces
  • Track 8-10Nuclear binding energy
  • Track 8-11Nuclear structure
  • Track 8-12Nuclear spectra

Nuclear reaction is that which affects the changes in atoms electrons that orbit the nucleus and nucleus of an atom where the particles in the nucleus are charged and the element transforms in to another element when particles in the atomic nuclei gains or losses. These reactions are usually express by equations, though there is an inimitable difference in the nature of the reactions. The nuclear scattering and nuclear reaction are used to measure the properties of nuclei. Based on the reaction mechanism, the internal structure of the nuclei involved and the interaction between the projectile and the target the outcome of the particles is being contingent, whereas incoming particle is scattered off a target nucleus.

  • Track 9-1Kinematic and conservation law
  • Track 9-2Reactions with neutrons
  • Track 9-3Compound nuclear reactions
  • Track 9-4Transfer reactions
  • Track 9-5Absorption reactions
  • Track 9-6Resonance reaction
  • Track 9-7Deep inelastic reaction
  • Track 9-8Direct reactions
  • Track 9-9Compound nucleus reaction
  • Track 9-10Nuclear scattering
  • Track 9-11Isospin in nuclear reaction
  • Track 9-12Meson-nucleus reaction

The activity in which a nucleus is divided into two or more fragments,neutrons and energy are released in which a large nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei with the release of energy is the process of nuclear fission. For instance  the energy released from the nuclear reaction of some quantity be one kilogram of uranium is equivalent to the energy released during the combustion of about four billion kilograms of coal this results the mass changes and associated energy changes in nuclear reactions are significant. And the like-charged atomic nuclei join together to form a heavier nucleus. If two nuclides of small mass number combine to form a single middle-mass nuclide, the rising of the binding energy curve at low mass numbers, tells us that energy will be released. This process is called as nuclear fusion.
 

  • Track 10-1Artificial nuclear transmutations
  • Track 10-2Nuclear propulsion
  • Track 10-3Controlled fusion reactors
  • Track 10-4Thermonuclear weapons
  • Track 10-5Nuclear fusion or hydrogen bomb
  • Track 10-6Solar fusion
  • Track 10-7Radioactive fission products
  • Track 10-8Fission and nuclear structure
  • Track 10-9Fission explosives
  • Track 10-10Fission reactors
  • Track 10-11Energy in fission
  • Track 10-12Beam-beam or beam-target fusion

We study here how nuclear energy is extracted from reactors. The isotope of uranium with an atomic mass of 235 and of use in nuclear reactors is the mostly used common nuclear fuels. Here, nuclear energy means the energy released in nuclear fission, which means the science that deals with the study and application of chain reaction to induce a controlled rate of fission in a nuclear reactor for the production of energy.
 

  • Track 11-1Nuclear power reactor
  • Track 11-2Thermal neutron fluxes
  • Track 11-3Time-dependent reactor equation
  • Track 11-4Nuclear reactor design
  • Track 11-5Reactor safety
  • Track 11-6Neutron chain fission reactors
  • Track 11-7The non-steady nuclear reactor
  • Track 11-8Nuclear reactor types
  • Track 11-9The neutron cycle in a thermal reactor
  • Track 11-10Reactor analysis with diffusion theory
  • Track 11-11Nuclear reactor dynamics

In the nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy which emits radiation including, beta particles, alpha particles, gamma rays and conversion electrons such as radiation from outer space, as well as man-made sources of radiation like cell towers, cell phones, nuclear power plants, here radiation is given off from a process and the spontaneous emission of radiation from the nucleus of an atom is called as radioactive decay. Radioactivity is the result of the decay or disintegration of unstable nuclei. Since radioactivity is the result of an atom trying to reach a more stable nuclear configuration, this process of radioactive decay can be done using three primary methods; by spontaneous fission (splitting) into two fragments, a nucleus can change one of its neutrons into a proton with the done at the same time emission of an electron (beta decay), by emitting a helium nucleus (alpha decay).
 

  • Track 12-1Radioactivity and stability
  • Track 12-2Gamma emission
  • Track 12-3Isomers and isomeric transition
  • Track 12-4Nuclear Solar Cells
  • Track 12-5Decay chains
  • Track 12-6Fission & fusion
  • Track 12-7Internal conversion
  • Track 12-8Electron capture
  • Track 12-9Gamma decay – nuclear reorganisation
  • Track 12-10Beta decay – neutrons turn to protons and vice versa
  • Track 12-11Alpha decay – loss of a he nucleus
  • Track 12-12Nuclear decay
  • Track 12-13Radioactive dating

The main focus of nuclear medicine in physics is the diagnostic application of Nuclear Medicine which involves the administration trace amounts of compounds labelled with radioactivity (radionuclides) that are used to provide diagnostic information in many disease. In spite of the fact that radionuclides also have some therapeutic uses, with similar underlying physics principles, there were roughly 100 different diagnostic imaging procedures available useful to a wide variety of diagnostic tests according to study in 2006 and as of 2008, more than 30 million nuclear medicine imaging procedures were performed on a global basis. The ability of nuclear medicine to provide exquisitely sensitive measures of a wide range of biologic processes in the body, but are limited in their ability to provide biological information compared to medical imaging modalities such as x-ray imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and x-ray computed tomography (CT) provides outstanding an atomic images. Studies states that in hospitals across the world. There are more than 20,000 nuclear medicine cameras capable of imaging gamma-ray-emitting radionuclides installed and more than 3,000PET scanners installed in the world performing on the order of 4 million procedures.
 

  • Track 13-1Hadrontherapy
  • Track 13-2Dynamic studies in nuclear medicine
  • Track 13-3Three-dimensional visualization techniques
  • Track 13-4Internal dosimetry
  • Track 13-5Radionuclide therapy
  • Track 13-6Computers in nuclear medicine
  • Track 13-7Sonography & nuclear medicine
  • Track 13-8MRI & nuclear medicine
  • Track 13-9X-ray CT in nuclear medicine
  • Track 13-10Physics in the radiopharmacy
  • Track 13-11Radioisotope production
  • Track 13-12Nuclear medicine imaging systems
  • Track 13-13Basic radiobiology

Atomic astrophysics is related to execution atomic physics calculations which will be used by astronomers and also uses atomic data to interpret astronomical observations. Atomic physics plays a crucial role in astrophysics and nuclear astrophysics is the research of the nuclear reactions that fuel the Sun and other stars across the Universe and also create the variety of atomic nuclei and  Understanding the underlying astrophysical processes gives us clues about origin of the Earth and its composition; the evolution of life; the evolution of stars, galaxies and the Universe itself; the origin of the elements and their abundances; By detecting and analyzing emissions from stars, the dusty remnants from exploded stars and from compact ‘dead’ stars; By carrying out theoretical calculations on nuclear behavior and its interplay with the stellar environment and also by designing laboratory experiments that explore stellar nuclear reactions in the Big Bang, in stars and in supernova explosions.

  • Track 14-1Stellar properties, spectra and stellar evolution
  • Track 14-2Rate for nonresonant reactions
  • Track 14-3X-Ray Astrophysics
  • Track 14-4solar neutrino problem
  • Track 14-5Supernova and synthesis of heavy nuclei
  • Track 14-6Active galactic nuclei and quasars
  • Track 14-7Cosmology
  • Track 14-8Opacity and radiative forces
  • Track 14-9Nucleosynthesis
  • Track 14-10Supernovae and neutron stars
  • Track 14-11WIMP dark matter searches
  • Track 14-12Helium burning and beyond
  • Track 15-1Trace element analysis
  • Track 15-2Identifying criminal nuclear activity
  • Track 15-3Understanding safe radioactive waste disposal
  • Track 15-4A new twist for fusion research
  • Track 15-5Can nuclear power meet global energy demands?
  • Track 15-6Clean energy: new record for fusion
  • Track 15-7Can radioactive waste be immobilized in glass?
  • Track 15-8Therapeutic nuclear medicine
  • Track 15-9Supercomputer creates a profile of dark matter
  • Track 15-10Diagnostic nuclear medicine
  • Track 15-11Nuclear systems simulation
  • Track 15-12Alpha-decay applications
  • Track 15-13Mass spectrometry with accelerators
  • Track 15-14The nuclear visualization software
  • Track 15-15Electronics related to nuclear medicine devices