The Atomic Physics of Lasers

Abbreviation for the word Laser stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. In an atom the electron in an exited state emits a photon while returning to a lower state; it is a random and spontaneous emission. If photon possesses considerable energy, however it will be stimulated to emit the photon sooner. If the incoming photon that caused its emission then this photon emitted by stimulated emission looks exactly like; if they are in phase as have the same frequency then two photons are coherent. By stimulated emission of photons a laser and light amplification process a laser spectrum is created and by stimulated amplification of matter waves an atom laser beam is created.

  • Stimulated emission and amplification
  • The helium-neon laser
  • Semi-classical theory of the laser
  • The laser oscillator
  • Mode interactions
  • The argon ion laser
  • Quantized-field laser theory
  • Practical atomic gas lasers
  • Radiative transitions
  • Fine structure and nuclear effects
  • The laser mechanism in optical and matter waves
  • Experiments with atom lasers
  • Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms

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